What are the Scientific and Historical evidences of Mahabharata and Ramayana?

Hitting it sober, from Indian depths to global ground. The hunting expedition had lasted for days now. He was tired, thirsty and hungry. All but a couple of his associates were long left behind. He dismissed even the reduced retinue at the entrance, before stepping in. The quiet was conspicuous but soothing. The abode yonder seemed unoccupied. But only the echo came back to strike his tentative heart. As he felt the desolate eeriness even more intensely, a beautiful maiden came out of the abode, simply attired but glowing with innocence and charm. She bade him welcome and received him with due respect, offering him a seat and water to wash.

Aryan Invasion Theory : Fact or Fantasy , A journey with science

June 23rd, Author: Consequently the civilizations of the world naturally and simultaneously started developing near the rivers which initially started flowing due to the melting of glaciers near the Equator e. South India, Sri Lanka and Africa. When populations multiplied, these river waters became insufficient.

In this post I will provide an analysis on the scientific date of Mahabharata War from 14 sources. Finding the scientific Date of Mahabharata War is a very challenging historical issue. Research has been going on for long. Many Western linguistics, communists and leftist historians in India as well as abroad, treat Mahabharata and Ramayana as myths, whereas many others consider it to be true.

L Chavda with all facts and references Aryan Invasion Theory needs no introduction. It is the bedrock upon which Indian history has been written. The Indo-Aryans then composed the Vedas, and imposed Hinduism and the caste system upon the hapless Dravidians and other indigenous peoples of India. According to this model, the Indo-Aryans migrated into India rather than invaded it, which nevertheless had the same effect on the indigenous peoples: It posits that the Indo-Aryan people and their languages originated in the Indian subcontinent and that the Indus valley civilization Sindhu-Sarasvati civilization was the Vedic civilization, not a Dravidian civilization as claimed in the AIT.

Proponents of this theory cite archaeological evidence of civilizational and cultural continuity, and Indian literary sources such as the Puranas, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana — which contain extensive genealogies of kings that date back thousands of years — and which mainstream scholars reject as mythology. The question of the origin of the Indo-Aryans has become the most controversial, emotive, and polarizing debate in India today.

It pits these two diametrically opposing narratives against one another. Scientific inquiry is the only way forward The scientific method requires researchers to take a theory seriously until it can be irrefutably demonstrated to be false using systematic observations, carefully controlled and replicable tests and experiments, scientific techniques, the application of logic, and hard evidence. Science is not concerned with narratives, ideologies, beliefs, dogma, or opinions.

Science deals in empirical or measurable evidence and in hard facts. Conclusions are drawn based on scientific evidence, and can change in the face of new evidence. These are rapidly evolving disciplines, which, in the coming years and decades, will revolutionize our understanding of how our species evolved.

Ramayana Scientific Dating Wrong?

People who belittle Ramayan as a mythology or a mere epic and Lord Ram as a fictitious character should be ready to give up their skepticism. Couple of years ago, two Chennai-based botanists came out with a three-year-long study which establishes that the Ramayan is a true life story authored by Valmiki, incorporating facts, figures, science and environment of the period. All plants including flowers, trees, fruits mentioned in the Ramayan have been found to be true.

As a taxonomist, Sudhakar confirmed the plant variety with their Sanskrit and Latin names. According to Krishna, the Ramayan is geographically very correct. It is not possible for a person to just write something out of his imagination and fit it into local folklore for greater credibility.

– The Process of the Advancement of the Human Soul Towards its Perfection in Ramayana and the Mahabharata The whole of the Ramayana is an Epic of humanity. Humanity does not mean mankind but that which particularly human nature.

Artifacts found in the submerged city of Dwarka Carbon dating shows that the artifacts are about years old. C which is approx years Dating of Mahabharata Events — Image source: This is another point that has generated many opinions, and it is almost impossible to get an agreed concensus on this matter, but is now much clearer than ever with more recent research and findings. So let us take a look at a few ideas from at least one angle of research on this topic.

Narahari Achar, a physicist from the University of Memphis, clearly showed with astronomical analysis that the Mahabharata war took place in BCE. Examining the Mahabharata, books 3, 5, and 18, his sky map software showed that all these descriptions converge in the year BCE. Achar also acknowledged that some 30 years earlier, in , S. Raghavan had arrived at the same date.

In determining the date of the Mahabharata war at Kurukshetra, astronomical references in the epic can be used, of which there are more than one hundred and fifty.

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I will say exaggerated stories at most, but never a fiction or imagination. Let me give you a strong prove. Given current technology and resources if you are said to predict the position of planets and moon you will need to go to atleast 6 decimal places to predict accurately to At that times it would have been impossible to predict very very accurately position say years in past? The thing I want to say that all given position have been scientifically verified and also the gap between them.

Planet positions are very clearly described during a number of events and that corresponds with modern astronomical analysis.

Dating of the Ramayana and Mahabharata, a lecture by NILESH OAK Let Mahabharata & Ramayana data-set, change your mindset! While there are more than attempts to date Mahabharata and more than dozen attempts to date Ramayana, all of them have lead to different proposals based on, supposedly, same set of evidences from these epics.

Dating the Ramayana With Valmiki’s Clues – By Saurabh Kwatra Placing the Ramayana in the historical context is yet an unfinished task, as witnessed by endless debates among archaeologists, historians and literary pundits. The present analysis is a modest attempt to use astronomy, astrology and the science of time together in elevating the status of Ramayana from an epic to a chronological reality.

Astonishingly, the ancient Indians had an accurate method of time easurement. In other words, the timings of events were recorded in the astronomical format. To convert this coded information on heavenly positions into a simple calendrical timeline, all that is needed is a database of ephemeris. Sage Valmiki, the celebrated composer of the Ramayana records the birth of Rama in Uttarayana the Divine Half-year , in the Chaitra month, in the bright fortnight, on the ninth day, in the Punarvasu nakshatra, on a Monday, and under Karka lagna.

Valmiki further details the birth with various planetary positions in the zodiac: Sun in Mesha at 10 deg. These starry configurations are so unique that they have occurred only once so far in measurable history and this helps us to fix the important date, the birthday of Rama, as the 4th of December, BC. Due to the slow yet continuous precession of the Earth, Rama’s birthday anniversary, celebrated as Ram Navami, has since shifted by about four months over a period of about years.

Valmiki has also beautifully described the sky at the moment when Rama left Ayodhya on his year exile. Vaishakha and Milky Way are shining in the sky”. Using this additional input, astronomical rules help us to fix Rama’s exile to a time when he turned 17 years of age. Another event, Hanuman’s return from Lanka after discovering Sita in Sunderkanda , one of the most evocative chapters of Ramayana can be similarly pinpointed as occurring on a Pushya Poornima.

Samudragupta

The Scientific Dating Of the Ramayana and the Vedas Among the principal works and stories that are a part of the Mahabharata are the Bhagavad Gita, the story of Damayanti, an abbreviated version of the Ramayana, and.. Com written three years ago on the issue of Sri Rama being a myth or a historical legend. Among the principal works and stories that are a part of the Mahabharata are the Bhagavad Gita, the story of Damayanti, an abbreviated version of the Ramayana, and.

MS: How is your theory scientific and more genuine compared to other claims on dating of the Mahabharata war? Nilesh Nilkanth Oak: This is a great question. Let me list key characteristic features of a revolutionary scientific theory.

Wikimedia Commons Sustainability is now a major challenge for many essential oil-bearing crops, and the growth of aromatherapy has exacerbated the problem. This especially applies to wild grown plants such as Santalum album. This is a threatened species in Asia due to decades of over-harvesting and smuggling. However, large-scale, sustainable cultivation has recently been established in Australia. One Australian producer now has a standardized essential oil that meets FDA requirements for botanical medicines.

Santalum album essential oil has sedative, calming and anxiolytic properties. The study of psychodermatology suggests that the combined action of sandalwood oil on the psyche and the skin partly explains its success in treating skin conditions. Background Sandalwood is one of the longest-established medicinal aromatic plants, and has had a continuous history of human use for at least 3, years. It is mentioned in the Nirukta, a Vedic commentary likely written about BC. As early as BCE, powdered sandalwood was used in personal care, both in bathing and as a paste applied to the skin.

In the Dhanvantari Nighantu, a Sanskrit materia medica completed in 1, — 1, AD, candana sandalwood is described thus:

Are Ramayana and Mahabharata real or just fictions?

It is one of the rarest of the rarest which makes you read it, watch it and listen to it no matter how many times you have already done so. The two epics stand out of the rest in their marvelous revelations about history, geography and the knowledge that was common in those times. Our forefathers were superior in their scientific knowledge that the recent discoveries stand as testimonials, so open and bold they were, that they challenge us to take it up, question it and verify it for ourselves.

Rather than being just a story, there are references for scientific facts, innovation for those who look for it.

Like the Mahabharata, the Ramayana is a core text in Hinduism and illustrates Hindu virtues. In seven books, the epic recounts the story of Rama, a legendary prince and king of Kosala, and his.

Scientific Dating of Vedic and Ramayan Era Ecological perspective History of the Holocene post last ice age deserves to be rewritten based on multi-disciplinary scientific evidences. Aryan invasion theory was propagated based on linguistic guesswork, religious hearsay and old outdated archaeological reports. Christianity has long back discarded its 18th century beliefs that world got created on 23rd October, BC, Biblical flood occurred in B.

It is almost unanimously accepted by the scholars and scientists that there have been several cycles of civilizations and that last ice age ended around B. The melting of ice caps naturally got started near the Equator, resulting in discharge of huge quantities of water which first flowed in the form of rivers in South India. The civilizations developed, populations multiplied over hundreds of years resulting in water scarcity. More adventurous started migrating northwards – initially towards central India and later on towards the Himalayan rivers in the North.

Thousands of years of water security provided by Saraswati, Indus and Ganga river systems and world’s most fertile planes cultivated around them naturally facilitated the extra-ordinary development of culture and civilization from around B. After thousands of years water supply from ice-caps started depleting, tectonic movements resulted in drying up of rivers like Saraswati, trade relations flourished and more adventurous people started moving towards Central Asia and Europe.

Thus there was neither any end of Vedic civilisation due to imaginary Aryan invasion theory nor were Dravidians ‘aboriginal savages’ of North India. The rise and fall of Vedic Civilisation is thus attributable to ecological cycle post last ice age and not to any ‘Aryan invasion’ Sky views in Rigveda There are 53 references in Rigveda as prayers offered to Aswinis at dawn.

The description clearly points to the observation of the pair of stars in the Aries constellation referred to as Aashvin or Asvini just before sunrise as a ritual to mark the year beginning.

Scientific Dating Of Mahabharata War, Ramayana & Vedas Dr P. V. Vartak

But it is always nice when scholars, other researchers and science can add support to what we already propose. One aspect that can show us the early nature of Vedic society, and with a little more reliability, is highlighting the time when Lord Krishna was present. This is another point that has generated many opinions, and it is almost impossible to get an agreed concensus on this matter, but is now much clearer than ever with more recent research and findings. So let us take a look at a few ideas from at least one angle of research on this topic.

Narahari Achar, a physicist from the University of Memphis, clearly showed with astronomical analysis that the Mahabharata war took place in BCE. Examining the Mahabharata, books 3, 5, and 18, his sky map software showed that all these descriptions converge in the year

Jan 01,  · Dating of the Ramayana and Mahabharata, a lecture by NILESH OAK Let Mahabharata & Ramayana data-set, change your mindset! While there are .

Besides its epic narrative of the Kurukshetra War and the fates of the Kauravas and the Pandavas, the Mahabharata contains much philosophical and devotional material, such as a discussion of the four “goals of life” or purusharthas The latter are enumerated as dharma right action , artha purpose , kama pleasure , and moksha liberation. Among the principal works and stories that are a part of the Mahabharataare the Bhagavad Gita, the story of Damayanti, an abbreviated version of the Ramayana, and the Rishyasringa, often considered as works in their own right.

Traditionally, the authorship of the Mahabharata is attributed to Vyasa. There have been many attempts to unravel its historical growth and compositional layers. The oldest preserved parts of the text are not thought to be appreciably older than around BCE. The Mahabharata is the longest Sanskrit epic. Its longest version consists of over , shloka or over , individual verse lines each shloka is a couplet , and long prose passages. Johnson has compared the importance of the Mahabharata to world civilization to that of the Bible, the works of Shakespeare, the works of Homer, Greek drama, or the Qur’an.

Timeline of MAHABHARATA 3139 B.C

Apr 25, Ganesh Muthupalani rated it it was amazing This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. A beautiful story that has numerous morals embedded in it. Even till today, the story of Ramayana is recited and narrated worldwide.

The Ramayana and Mahabharata [Romesh C. Dutt] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This is a pre historical reproduction that was curated for quality. Quality assurance was conducted on each of these books in an attempt to remove books with imperfections introduced by the digitization s: 2.

Sorry, something has gone wrong. This is quite a possibility. And you know what? YES, here is what I can point to support this argument: In Bhagawat Geeta Sri Krishna says: Sraddhaayrcitumicchati Tasya tasyaa calaam Sriddhaam taameva vidadhaamyaham” Meaning: Whichever deity form a bhakta seeks to worship with faith, I make the faith of that bhakta in that form firm.

This concept of God which, has been expounded by our Upanishads as all pervading “Brahman”, ALONE can explain how and why each one’s faith in different forms of God gets strengthened by their own strong conviction, belief and worship. So, it is the understanding, conviction, faith and belief in our hearts that matters, not the name and form we choose to worship. Why are sincere prayers of people of all faiths answered? Hence they came up with Satan as an answer All the more, I give unmatched credibility to the ligitamacy and intelligence of our great saints like Swami Vivekananda, Adi Shankaracharya, Ramana Maharshi etc.

Ayodhya (Ramayana)

The Mahabharat, orginally written by Sage Ved Vyas in Sanskrut, has been translated and adapted into numerous languages and has been set to a variety of interpretations. Dating back to “remote antiquity”, it is still a living force in the life of the Indian masses. Incidently, the dating of the Mahabharat War has been a matter of challenge and controversy for a century or two. European scholars have maintained that the events described in the ancient Sanskrut texts are imaginary and subsequently, the Mahabharat derived to be a fictitiou tale of a war fought between two rivalries.

Starting from the so- called Aryan invasion into Bharat, the current Bharatiya chronology starts from the compilation of the Rigved in B. In the meantime, the Brahmanas, Samhi- tas, Puranas, etc.

The Scientific Dating Of the Ramayana and the Vedas. Among the principal works and stories that are a part of the Mahabharata are the Bhagavad Gita, the story of Damayanti, an abbreviated version of the Ramayana, and.

You need Flash Player version 9. The Mahabharata, India’s most famous epic, and its relationship to Hastinapur The Mahabharata “The Great Tale of the Bharatas” is one of two major epics in ancient Indian literature, the other being the Ramayana. The story first began in the oral tradition during the first millennium BCE and was composed in Sanskrit over centuries, beginning perhaps as early as or BCE, and reaching its final written form around the fourth century BCE.

Attributed to the poet Vyasa, the epic is composed of nearly , verses divided into 18 books. The sixth book contains the central text of Hinduism , the Bhagavad Gita “Song of the Bountiful Lord” , which discusses the four goals of life or purushartas—artha worldly wealth and success , kama pleasure and desire , dharma righteousness , and moksha knowledge and liberation from the cycle of birth and death. A dialogue between the warrior Arjuna and Krishna, the Bhagavad Gita makes dharma its central lesson: Set in the kingdom of Kurukshetra on India’s northern plains, the epic narrates a succession struggle among members of the Bharata ruling family that results in a ruinous civil war.

The Pandava brothers are pitted against their rival cousins, the Kauravas, who divest the eldest Pandava brother of his kingdom and his wife in a fixed gambling match. The brothers are forced into exile for 13 years during which time they prepare for war with their cousins. The Pandavas prevail in an day battle that causes great loss of life on both sides. In contrast with the Vedas, which are considered “sruti” or divine revelation, the epics are considered smrti “that which is remembered” or of human origin.

Like the Mahabharata, the Ramayana is a core text in Hinduism and illustrates Hindu virtues. In seven books, the epic recounts the story of Rama , a legendary prince and king of Kosala, and his perfect wife Sita.

Critique of & Rebuttal to Pollock’s Dating for Epics – Nilesh Oak


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